Drain the water heater regularly We recommended all hot water heaters to be drained at least every six months, this is a very important aspect of water tank maintenance to ensure longevity of your heater. This will flush out the system and help control any build up of minerals which helps maintain the water heaters efficiency.
Instructions to drain the water:
The anode rod is the water heater’s defense mechanism against rust and corrosion. Depending on the chemical composition of your water, the anode rod can last anywhere from a few years to the life of the heater. It is a good idea to check the condition of the anode rod every year.
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The methods for fixing a leaking water heater can range from the very easy to the very challenging. At the first sign of leaking, many people leap to the conclusion that the water heater must be replaced, but that's not always (or even usually) necessary. Many potential fixes are actually rather simple and inexpensive, and sometimes replacing a broken part can extend the life of the water heater for several years.
Here are five things to look for when diagnosing the source of a leak and determining the proper fix
LEAKING AT WATER SUPPLY LINES
The first place to check is the plumbing pipes above the water heater. A drip from above can easily leak down on top of the water heater and even work its way down the insulation and make it look like the leak is coming from the tank itself.
Check the plumbing pipes above the water heater, using a stepladder if necessary. Pay special attention to the water supply lines going into the water heater. These may be rigid pipe connections or flexible supply tubes. Flexible water supply tubes are the most common cause of leaks above the water heater, since it is common for these tubes to fail long before the water heater is ready for replacement. If there is insulation around the supply tubes, remove it so you can inspect and replace the tubes if necessary.
To replace the water heater flex lines, first shut the water off to the water heater. This will be a shutoff valve on the cold water pipe leading to the water heater. Before removing the water supply tubes, verify that the water is turned off by turning on the hot side of a faucet somewhere in the house to see if water continues to flow. If the water has been successfully turned off, no water should be flowing out of the water heater.
Leaking at the Water Heater Nipples
The water heater nipples on top of the water heater, which connect the water heater to the cold water inlet pipe and to the hot water exit pipe, is another common place to find leaks. The threads are the thinnest part on the nipple and it is not unusual to find leaks in them. This can be hard to differentiate from a leak at a supply tube, but if you changed the supply tube already and are still observing leaking water, the nipple is a likely cause.
Removing the water heater nipples can be quite difficult and will require a pipe wrench and some leverage. Make sure to shut off the water and verify that it is off before doing this repair.
Note: In many states, a special fitting called a dielectric union is required if the galvanized steel nipples are connecting directly to copper pipes. The dielectric unions prevent corrosion that occurs because galvanized steel and copper touching together creates a mild electrical charge.
Leaking at the Temperature and Pressure Relief (T & P) Valve
Another possible place for leaks is the temperature and pressure (T & P) valve. A leak at the T & P valve is a more serious situation and you will want to take the time to figure out the cause. A T-and-P valve will not usually begin dripping or leaking unless there is a problem. Several possible causes:
Leaking at the Drain Line
A leak in the drain valve at the bottom of the water heater is another common issue. After draining or flushing a water heater, it is common for the drain valve to fail to close completely. This drain valve can be capped with a hose cap, or you can replace the drain valve completely with a new valve. You will have to shut off the hot water and drain down the water heater before removing and replacing this valve.
Leak in the Tank
Finally, if none of the prior inspections showed a cause for leaking, then it is likely that the tank inside the water heater has gone bad. Normally this will be a major, flooding leak, not small dripping. If the tank has ruptured and is leaking, the water heater cannot be fixed and it must be replaced.
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A water heater typically lasts between 8 and 12 years, but only if it is maintained properly. A simple three-step annual maintenance plan will extend the life of the water heater.
If you're just going through routine servicing, there's no need to call a professional to complete the job for you. With a screwdriver and a bucket, a homeowner can usually complete servicing the water heater on their own. Before you start, turn off the power (for electric water heaters) or the gas supply (for gas heaters) for safety:
Prevent rust and corrosion by removing sediment from the bottom of the tank, a task that also improves the energy efficiency of the unit. Although a complete flush of the water heater tank is best, it requires shutting down the water heater. A mini-flush works well, takes a fraction of the time, and can be done while the water heater is running:
Test the T&P Valve
The temperature and pressure (T&P) relief valve is a critical safety feature of your water heater. It senses dangerous pressure buildup or excessively high temperature inside the water heater tank and automatically opens to relieve the pressure. Without an operational T&P valve, a water heater is at risk of explosion. Therefore, water heater manufacturers recommend testing the T&P valve once per year.
The T&P valve might be located at the top of the heater tank or in the side wall, and it has a discharge tube that extends down toward the base of the tank. To test the valve:
Dial Down the Temperature
Water heaters are typically installed at a preset temperature of 130 to 140 degrees Fahrenheit. However, the Department of Energy recommends a setting of 120 F for most households, estimating that this can reduce energy costs for water heating by more than 5 percent. Lower temperatures also reduce the risk of scalding and slow the accumulation of mineral deposits in your water heater tank.
To lower the water temperature on a gas water heater, turn the temperature dial on the heater's gas valve to 120 F.
To lower the water temperature on an electric water heater, you might need to remove a small metal panel covering the thermostat:
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